Geology

Geology in a broad sense deals with the study of the Earth, including its internal structure, the materials from which it is formed, or even investigating the way the aforementioned materials have been modified during the Earth's history by geological processes and the evolution of life.

Geology is involved in many economic aspects of human life, including the search of raw materials, the exploitation and growth of energy sources (oil, gas, coal, etc.) or the planning, development and maintenance of infrastructures. Researchers working at the Section for Geotechnics and Geology are involved in a relatively large range of geological disciplines ranging from the study of sedimentary basins and petroleum geology to the mineralogy of ore deposits, geotechnics, petrophysics, geophysics and environmental geology.

The geology of sedimentary basins

Sedimentary basins are large-scale depressions associated with plate tectonic movements (convergent, divergent, transform or intra-plate) where the sediment is trap. They range from continental to marine. The geology of sedimentary basins is important to evaluate their economic potential provided that they have oil and gas, coal and raw materials such as gravels, sandstones, limestones or industrial minerals such as quartz, clays or salts. Sedimentary basins with good outcrops can be used as basin analogues to understand basins buried in the sub-surface where the available data is restricted to widely spaced boreholes, well-logs and seismic sections. Important aspects of its characterisation are regional geology, geological mapping, stratigraphy, sedimentology sediment supply, source area provenance, sequence stratigraphy, extensional tectonics and petroleum geology.

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Fluvial conglomerates of quartzitic composition, they are a typical deposit in the margins of continental basins.

Researchers

Ida Lykke Fabricius (contact person)
Maria del Pilar Clemente Vidal

Contact

Ida Lykke Fabricius
Professor, head of section
DTU Civil Engineering
+45 45 25 21 62